Harmonizing to Webster’s lexicon. free will is defined as. “the power of doing free choices” ( Webster 454 ) . Humans. unlike any other animals. have free will. or have the ability to do their ain determinations. Inherent in the ability to take. is the possible to do picks that perfect or even destruct the universe. With good usage of free will. the universe can be beautiful and pleasing ; nevertheless. with abuse of free will. evil takes root and has the power to destruct. It is a human venture to larn to decently utilize the gift of free will. In William Golding’s novel. Lord of the Flies. a plane clangs and many of the kids aboard flee to an island to last. On this island. these kids abuse their newfound freedom and lose sight of their demand for deliverance. Jack. the evil 1 on the island. allure the other kids and ushers them off from Ralph. the one individual who wants to concentrate on being saved.
This enticement. which is merely one of the many enticements throughout the novel. turns out to be successful. The influence of their barbarian and unsupervised life conditions lures them to go barbarian and finally changes the characters. All of the major characters in Lord of the Fliess have some sort of character defect or failing in their personality that leads to the devastation and pandemonium that develops in the book. All worlds have free will. and worlds. particularly kids such as those in “Lord of the Flies” . have the possible to misapply this independency in the face of enticement. In “Lord of the Flies” . William Golding brightly illustrates how character defects and failings lead to the abuse of free will and ensue in pandemonium. devastation. and utmost effects.
The supporter of “Lord of the Flies” . Ralph. is an indispensable character to the novel. Ralph. who is athletic and pleasant. is elective leader of the male childs in the beginning of the narrative ; he instills order and civilisation through his leading. Ralph has his sight set on being rescued and thinks of ways to better their opportunities of being rescued while the other male childs use their newfound freedom to get down playing and acting irresponsibly. Ralph’s character resembles Jesus Christ ; nevertheless. he is non the Christ-figure original. He is similar to Jesus in that he implements regulations and construction on behaviour for the good of the whole. so that everything is orderly and everyone is benefited. Despite Ralph being a just leader. he is non perfect and has definite failings in his personality. which lead him to do unwise picks. ensuing in a semi-tragic stoping.
Ralph’s character defect shows when. after sing the bang and excitement of force. he excessively gives in to savagery. When Jack invited Ralph and Piggy to fall in their dance and violent death of the animal. they gave in to enticement and joined. “Piggy and Ralph. under the menace of the sky. found themselves eager to take a topographic point in the brainsick but partially unafraid society” ( Golding 140 ) . This transition shows that Ralph. when faced with enticement. is non strong plenty to defy. He found comfort in the society Jack had created: a brutal and barbarian society. After sing this human savageness. Ralph found himself willing to take portion in more barbarian behaviour. During the boy’s dance about killing the animal. Simon comes out of the wood to portion his good intelligence when the male childs. in their violent death and evil province of head. misguided Simon for the animal and stop up killing him. Ralph had the pick. or free will. to fly from the immorality and force or to fall in the assault ; Ralph’s abuse of his free will resulted in the slaying of an guiltless male child. which so plagues his scruples.
Ralph. who begins as stand foring order. leading. and civilisation. submits to the evil power and inner-human savageness accepting the human preponderance for immorality. With this cognition. Ralph is burdened and weeps in the terminal because of it. “Ralph wept for the terminal of artlessness. the darkness of a man’s heart” ( Golding 187 ) . Ralph is able to see that the children’s artlessness is wholly gone and he besides observes how evil a man’s bosom can go. Loss of artlessness is one of the novel’s subjects and is illustrated by the transmutation from male childs who are orderly and seek to be rescued but so go cruel. barbarous huntsmans who lose sight of being rescued and care non about returning to civilisation. As Ralph weeps. we see how this cognition hurts him and how he is destroyed by the effects of human force. Ralph had the pick to non subject to the enticements and evils that take their artlessness. but he is weak ; he misuses this free will. finally demoing us. the reader. some of the dire effects that can ensue from abuse of free will.
Ralph’s antithesis in the novel is Jack. the book’s adversary. Jack is uncompromising every bit good as domineering and represents unprompted savageness and force ; he has a desire and hungering for power. which is shown early in the book when he is infuriated that he loses the election of island leader to Ralph. However. Jack shortly learns how to go the existent leader over all of the male childs. He begins by instinctively appealing to their base inherent aptitudes. going more barbarian and barbaric ; he hunts hogs and obsesses over this force. He finally learns to command the male childs with their fright of the animal. Jack is the quintessential illustration of one who misuses free will ; Jack chooses to utilize his cognition and power to convey out the savageness in the small 1s. Jack’s barbarian mentality becomes even more power-hungry and violent after he kills his first hog. “His head was crowded with memories ; memories of the cognition that had come to them when they closed in on the fighting hog. cognition that they had outwitted a living thing. imposed their will upon it. taken away its life like a long satisfying drink” ( Golding 70 ) .
Jack is unable to believe about anything else as his head is perverted by his memories of force. His savageness and hunting is straight connected to his demand for being in authorization ; this violent death is non in itself a abuse of free will. but Jack’s ideas and mentality after the violent death shows his free will is warped by the power he feels from the putting to death. Jack did non believe of the violent death as being able to supply nutrient for the group. but more that he was able to win over and get the better of another animal. coercing his will upon it. The simile. “taken away its life like a long satisfying drink” shows the reader how the hunting provides great satisfaction for Jack. which is why he freely chooses to continually outsmart more and more animals. including the small 1s. Killing the hogs is fulfilling to Jack. but altering the male childs from civilized to barbaric barbarians is even more honoring to his self-importance. Jack repeatedly attempts to alter and weaken others for his complacency ; he breaks Piggy’s spectacless desiring to experience superior ; “He was a head now in truth ; and he made knifing gestures with his lance.
From his left manus dangled Piggy’s broken glasses” ( Golding 155 ) . This extract shows how barbarian Jack Acts of the Apostless and how he needs to experience superior to others. in this instance by interrupting one of their award and necessary ownerships. Piggy’s glasses typify the power of scientific discipline and intelligence. the really things inherent in a civilised society. The lenses are brightly used in the beginning of the novel to put the signal fires aflame but so they are stolen by Jack’s huntsmans. which represent them taking the power to do fire from Ralph’s group. go forthing them weak ; they metaphorically stole civilisation from Ralph’s group. Jack’s actions of turning the male childs from civilized to savage demo a abuse of free will. Free will allow us tremendous power that many people. like Jack. maltreatment. Jack’s sense of lawlessness. demand for power. natural force. and abuse of free will destine the male childs to devastation as they all fall into enticement. and later. barbarian behaviour.
Piggy. a secondary character in “Lord of the Flies” . who is chubby. wheezing. scientific and disbelieving. plays an of import function in the development of the novel. Piggy is the typical “sissy” but besides really rational and has good thoughts for assisting the remainder of the group survive on the island. It is clear that Piggy’s weaknesses contribute to his devastation in the terminal ; Piggy misuses his free will and chooses waies which lead him to his devastation. He represents the scientific side of civilisation. which is another cardinal subject of the novel. Ralph. who represents the good and order of civilisation. is wholly contrasted with Jack. who represents human leaning for force and savageness. Golding uses characters such as Roger. a barbarous older male child who picks one the small 1s. and Piggy to exemplify utmost illustrations of goodness and immorality.
Piggy. like Ralph. wants order and civilisation ; nevertheless. he takes it to the following degree as he has perfectly no barbarian or aggressive feelings and takes over the adult-role on the island. “Then. with the martyred look of a parent who has to maintain up with the mindless exuberance of the kids. he picked up the conch. turned toward the wood. and began to pick his manner over the tumbled scar” ( Golding 38 ) . This transition shows that Piggy feels he needs to be the adult-like leader of the group and seek to keep order with the conch. The conch has definite symbolic value in the novel. When Piggy and Ralph found it on the beach. they used it to cite the male childs together. The conch besides holds the power of address. During meetings. the male childs must keep the conch to derive permission to talk. With these state of affairss the conch symbolizes organisation and civilisation. but the power of the conch weakens as the group’s behaviour descends and it finally demolishes when it is crushed by the same bolder that kills Piggy.
This state of affairs shows the direct correlativity between Piggy and the conch: they both represent civilisation. and in the terminal. their death illustrates how taking severely led the male childs into savageness. In malice of Piggy’s scientific accomplishments. he possesses character failings that lead him to do some incorrect picks. finally conveying him to his death. Piggy does non hold any strength. physically nor socially. He is unable to stand up to the other male childs when they mistreat him and he does non hold the physical strength many of the other male childs have. Piggy’s societal jobs lead others to rule him. twit him. and finally slay him. If Piggy would hold stood up for himself. he could hold received the regard he needed in order to non be bullied.
In “The Chocolate War” . Robert Cormier develops distinguishable character traits that show the reader how people can misapply free will. Jerry Renault. the novel’s supporter and chief character. has of import character traits that are established early in the book. We see Jerry as an jock and a normal. hormonal adolescent who tries to avoid confrontation by traveling along with the “gang. ” He is given the assignment to decline selling the cocoas during the school’s fund-raising chocolate sale. This undertaking is given to him by the Vigils. the school pack. which is comprised of power-hungry teenage toughs. The assignments which Archie. the pack leader. gives out are non a petition. but an order ; these assignments represent everything Archie represents: use. fright. and power. Jerry begins the novel by stoically taking the hurting and torment from the Vigils. but so migrates to standing on rules as he continues to non sell cocoas. He decently uses his free will and stands up for a merely cause.
This strength of character fills Jerry with pride. “‘My name is Jerry Renault and I’m non traveling to sell the cocoas. ‘” he said to the empty flat. The word and his voice sounded strong and noble” ( Cormier 177 ) . This transition shows Jerry at his strongest point ; he had merely had a not-too-successful phone conversation with a miss he met at the coach halt. but he was experiencing proud of the fact that he got up the nervus to really name her. and he was besides experiencing pride over his battle against immorality. Jerry is accepting and going proud of upseting the existence ; upseting the existence is the thought behind Jerry’s cabinet posting and he realizes that he is really upseting the existence at his school by taking to non sell cocoas. Disturbing the existence is one of the novel’s subjects.
The existence is basically the school environment created by the Vigils. and to disrupt the common action of following the Vigils orders. finally disturbs the existence that has been created. As Jerry chooses to disrupt the normal. evil ways. efficaciously utilizing his free will for good. it begins to do some other pupils question the incorrect behaviours of the Vigils and contemplate contending against it. This is a terrific illustration of an first-class usage of free will and the good effects which result. This would hold been ideal if the pupils would hold fought against the evil power ; nevertheless. the Vigils have instilled so much fright in everyone that they decide to travel with the position quo–to non upset the existence. Finally. Jerry becomes the castaway of the school because he is opposing the current order. The school holds a boxing lucifer and Jerry. at his weak point. agrees to partake in the lucifer.
Jerry’s understanding to the pugilism lucifer starts his ruin from being strong in his battle against immorality. He consents to partake in force and this bad pick comes with bad effects. Jerry ends up contending Emile Janza. an evil character in The Chocolate War. and Emile knocks him out ; this leads Jerry to his new manner of thought: it is better to make what you are expected to make. instead than to lodge out and upset the existence. Throughout the novel. Jerry is a character one can look up to ; he does the right thing. battles against immorality. and sticks with his strong beliefs. However. in the terminal. Jerry fundamentally gives up and decides that the battle against immorality is non deserving the monetary value ; it would merely be easier for him to travel along with those in power. At this point. Jerry does non look like a role-model character because he uses his free pick to make nil. Due to his deficiency of character as he loses his finding. he gives in and chooses to be normal. like the remainder of the school. Jerry has misused his free will because he no longer battles against immorality in hopes of doing his school a better topographic point.
Brother Leon. a rude. evil instructor at Trinity High School. is another chief character that shows abuse of free will that finally dooms him. Brother Leon is merely every bit evil as Archie and twits his pupils. He collaborates with The Vigil’s in order to wholly take over the cocoa gross revenues. Brother Leon needs to command the gross revenues because he had embezzled some of the school’s money and needed to refund it. Archie and Brother Leon are about exact reproduction of each other because of their demand to be feared and exert power through use. “I’ll make it clear. Archie. If the sale goes down the drain. you and the Vigils go down the drain. Believe me…” ( Cormier 165 ) . This excerpt so absolutely shows how closely connected The Vigils. particularly Archie. are with Brother Leon ; they were working in immorality for their ain intents. The connexion starts when Brother Leon asks Archie to assist him and Archie comes up with the assignment for Jerry to non sell cocoas.
These two state of affairss contradict each other since Brother Leon wanted aid merchandising cocoas but now Archie is holding one of the pupils refuse to sell. However. this is Archie’s effort to overturn both Jerry and Brother Leon. Everyday Brother Leon takes a axial rotation call to see how his pupils are making on selling cocoas ; Jerry ever fears this clip since he is afraid that he will be badly punished for declining. The axial rotation call each twenty-four hours is Brother Leon’s effort at interrupting down Jerry since it makes him experience like an castaway being the one pupil non selling cocoas. Brother Leon’s evil nature causes him to do some bad picks. If Brother Leon would hold non taken the school’s money in the first topographic point. so he would non hold been in the place of necessitating the cocoa sale money to refund the school.
He abused his free will and it left him with some rough effects. Furthermore. throughout the novel. Brother Leon continually misuses his free will and in the terminal. attends the pugilism lucifer. At the terminal of the novel. Brother Leon and Archie secure their powers together. unifying. To Brother Leon. he may hold seemed “successful” in the terminal. in that Archie was able to strike hard Jerry back into conformance ; nevertheless. Brother Leon is still in the incorrect. He invariably hurts others and manipulates them ; Leon abuses his freedom of pick and it will finally come back to him. Brother Leon will finally harvest what he sows ; in other words: Brother Leon will acquire evil effects for his evil actions.
Though all people misuse free will throughout their lives. there are still many times we kindly and justly utilize our free will. In the Lord of the Fliess and The Chocolate War. the chief characters possessed character traits that led them to their good or bad picks. which at last directed them to good or bad effects depending on the picks. We all have the chance to right utilize our free will and in bend have good effects. such as pride or strength from making the right thing merely like Jerry. Ultimately. due to one’s character. they are led to right or wrongly use free will ; there is a direct correlativity to doing good picks and from that holding a positive result. On the other manus. misapplying free will consequences in holding bad effects. Therefore. we should utilize good judgement and do right picks that will profit with good effects.