Napoleon: the transition from enlightened despots to modern dictators Essay Sample

An absolute sovereign or swayer of a people can be what one considers an enlightened tyrant. or a swayer that makes good Torahs and promotes human felicity with them. It has been said about the great vanquisher and emperor Napoleon Bonaparte that he is the last of the enlightened tyrants. but others say he is the first of the modern dictators. There is significant grounds to reason both sides in this difference. but it is more true to state that Napoleon was the passage between the two. Louis Bergeron. historiographer. argues that Napoleon was the last of the enlightened tyrants. while the historian Cobban argues that he was the first of modern dictators. Martyn Lyons believes that he was merely the continuance of the Gallic revolution.

Napoleon Bonaparte was he last of the enlightened tyrants because he preserved the ideals of the tyrants before him. Napoleon stated “My policy is to regulate work forces as the great figure wish to be governed. That. I think. is the manner to acknowledge the sovereignty of the people. ” This rule is a direct rule of enlightened tyrants. the codification of equality. He governed in this mode because he wanted his people to back up him when it came clip for war. Many policies of Napoleon seem to many of us as Bergeron puts it. “rigid and oppressive” but in the clip those were the exact tactics that Napoleon used to fleetly lift to power. Another scheme Bonaparte used to acquire the support of the people was patriotism. for the first clip in over a decennary he made Gallic people proud to be Gallic. After old ages of civil war he made it an award to function under the Gallic flag. All of these schemes come straight from Enlightenment ideals. therefore doing Napoleon Bonaparte an enlightened tyrant.

While all those techniques Bonaparte used to lift to power semen from the enlightenment. many other 1s are marks of being a dictator. An illustration is his rise to power. Swift. Over the class of 11 old ages Napoleon took over a state. crowned himself emperor. and expanded the Gallic imperium to greater bounds than of all time earlier. He was allied with all of Europe except for England and Portugal. and major states such as Spain were straight dependent orbiter states of France. Napoleon was by far the greatest military general of his clip. and used this to go a military dictator. He did non get these lands by diplomatic relationships. but by force. Bonaparte relied on his contending work forces to take over the universe and coerce them into confederations with the state of France. doing him a military dictator. Besides the construct he used of satellite states was a construct of one adult male holding power over immense sums of land and states. the construct of a modern totalitarian.

As both sides have their points to reason. it is more right to state that Napoleon Bonaparte was a passage from enlightened tyrants to modern dictators. Lyons takes this attack in his analysis of Bonaparte by saying he is the continuance of the Gallic Revolution. Lyons disagrees with Bergeron who believes Napoleon is an enlightened tyrant. and besides disagrees with Cobban who asserts that he is first modern dictator. Lyons believes that Napoleon is merely what the Gallic revolution wanted. person voted in to be followed by the people. Bonaparte set up a really just legal system for his ain people as an enlightened tyrant would make. yet he forced this system. nevertheless good it was. onto other states that he conquered. as a modern dictator would. As you can see he has solid features of both an enlightened tyrant and a modern dictator. he is most accurately referred to as the passage between enlightened tyrants and modern dictators.

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